Age differences in personality across the adult life span: parallels in five cultures.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Both cross-sectional and longitudinal studies in the United States have shown consistent changes between college age and middle adulthood. There appear to be declines in 3 of the 5 major factors of personality--Neuroticism, Extraversion, and Openness--and increases in Agreeableness and Conscientiousness. To examine cross-cultural generalizability of these findings, translations of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory were administered to samples in Germany, Italy, Portugal, Croatia, and South Korea (N = 7,363). Similar patterns of age differences were seen in each country, for both men and women. Common trends were also seen for the more specific traits that define the major factors. Because these nations differ substantially in culture and recent history, results suggest the hypothesis that these are universal maturational changes in adult personality.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • McCrae, RR; Costa, PT; Pedroso de Lima, M; Simões, A; Ostendorf, F; Angleitner, A; Marusić, I; Bratko, D; Caprara, GV; Barbaranelli, C; Chae, JH; Piedmont, RL

Published Date

  • March 1999

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 35 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 466 - 477

PubMed ID

  • 10082017

Pubmed Central ID

  • 10082017

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0012-1649

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037//0012-1649.35.2.466


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States