Age differences in personality structure revisited: Studies in validity, stability, and change.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Construct validity and longitudinal stability evidence for three cluster dimensions of personality identified as Anxiety, Extraversion, and Openness is examined in a sample of adult males. Correlations with Allport-Vernon-Lindsay Value scales, Cornell Medical Index scores, Eysenck E and N scales, and factors from the SVIB are presented in support of the interpretation of the three clusters. Nine-year longitudinal evidence of stability is presented for Anxiety and Extraversion scores. Previous evidence for change in the structure of Openness to Experience is reconsidered in the light of eleven-year longitudinal data. While the earlier structural differences were not longitudinally replicated, a pattern of external correlates provided evidence for validity of an Openness dimension. Finally, the structural approach to personality development is illustrated by examining the differing relations between field-dependence and tendermindedness in younger and older men.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Costa, PT; McCrae, RR

Published Date

  • 1977

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 8 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 261 - 275

PubMed ID

  • 649212

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0091-4150

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.2190/awyd-qt2l-wvnm-4f98


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States