Personality predictors of injury-related posttraumatic stress disorder.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

This longitudinal, cohort study examined the effect of personality traits on the emergence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a recently traumatized, civilian, mixed-gender sample with significant injuries. Burn survivors (N = 70) were administered the NEO-Personality Inventory (NEO-PI) and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM III-R (SCID) at hospital discharge and readministered the SCID 4 and 12 months later. Overall, the sample of burn survivors scored significantly higher on neuroticism and extraversion and lower on openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness relative to a normative national sample. Furthermore, multivariate analysis of variance revealed that PTSD symptom severity groups (i.e., single symptom, multiple symptoms, subthreshold PTSD, PTSD) were differentially related to neuroticism and extraversion. Planned comparisons indicated that neuroticism was higher and extraversion was lower in those who developed PTSD compared with those who did not develop PTSD.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Fauerbach, JA; Lawrence, JW; Schmidt, CW; Munster, AM; Costa, PT

Published Date

  • August 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 188 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 510 - 517

PubMed ID

  • 10972570

Pubmed Central ID

  • 10972570

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-3018

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/00005053-200008000-00006

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States