Efficacy and Safety of Sacubitril/Valsartan by Dose Level Achieved in the PIONEER-HF Trial.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the efficacy and safety of sacubitril/valsartan according to dose level achieved in the PIONEER-HF (Comparison of Sacubitril/Valsartan Versus Enalapril on Effect on NT-proBNP in Patients Stabilized From an Acute Heart Failure Episode) trial. BACKGROUND: In patients hospitalized for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF), in-hospital initiation and continuation of sacubitril/valsartan as compared with enalapril is well tolerated, achieves a greater reduction in N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), and reduces the risk of cardiovascular death or rehospitalization for HF through 8 weeks. However, not all patients achieve the target dose of sacubitril/valsartan, and its efficacy and safety in such patients are of interest. METHODS: PIONEER-HF was a randomized, double-blind, active-controlled trial of sacubitril/valsartan versus enalapril in 881 patients stabilized during hospitalization for ADHF. Blinded study medication was administered for 8 weeks, with initial dosing selected based on the systolic blood pressure at randomization and titrated toward a target of sacubitril/valsartan 97/103 mg twice daily, or enalapril 10 mg twice daily, with an algorithm based on systolic blood pressure and the investigator's assessment of tolerability. RESULTS: At 4 weeks, 199 (55%) patients allocated to sacubitril/valsartan and 211 (60%) patients allocated to enalapril were dispensed the target dose. Baseline characteristics were similar in the 2 treatment groups within each dose level. There was no heterogeneity across dose levels in the effect of sacubitril/valsartan on the reduction in NT-proBNP (pinteraction = 0.69), the reduction in cardiovascular death or rehospitalization for heart failure (pinteraction = 0.42), or the pre-specified adverse events of special interest through 8 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: In hemodynamically stabilized patients with ADHF, the efficacy and safety of sacubitril/valsartan are generally consistent across dose levels. (Comparison of Sacubitril/Valsartan Versus Enalapril on Effect on NT-proBNP in Patients Stabilized From an Acute Heart Failure Episode [PIONEER-HF]; NCT02554890).

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Berg, DD; Braunwald, E; DeVore, AD; Lala, A; Pinney, SP; Duffy, CI; Gurmu, Y; Velazquez, EJ; Morrow, DA

Published Date

  • October 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 8 / 10

Start / End Page

  • 834 - 843

PubMed ID

  • 32800511

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC7541586

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2213-1787

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jchf.2020.06.008

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States