Update on Intraoperative Cultures, Biofilms, and Modifiable Factors During Revision of Clinically Non-Infected Penile Implants.
INTRODUCTION: Penile implants have a limited lifespan, and as the population using inflatable penile prostheses ages, revision surgery has become increasingly common. Devices are frequently cultured during non-infectious revision surgeries, providing a burgeoning of evidence of positive cultures without clinical infection. However, the clinical significance of these cultures remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: We aim to review the current literature on culture results from revision surgery for clinically non-infected devices and summarize the available data to formulate a synopsis of clinically significant organisms and their significance and modifiable approaches to prosthesis surgery. METHODS: A literature review was performed on 1 March, 2020 in PubMed and Google Scholar. Search terms centered on penile prosthesis revision surgery, cultures, and infection. Titles and abstracts were reviewed for topical relevance with emphasis placed on literature from the last 20 years. Most publications comprised small case series aside from a single meta-analysis. RESULTS: Since 1995, seven series have been published examining culture positivity at the time of revision surgery for clinically non-infected devices. Isolated organisms are most commonly from the Staphylococcus genus with Staphylococcus epidermidis being the most frequently isolated organism on clinically non-infected devices. Reported culture positivity rates at the time of revision range between 9.8% and 80%. CONCLUSION: Current literature pertaining to the clinical significance of culture positivity at the time of revision surgery for clinically non-infected penile prostheses is lacking; however, multiple series do report high rates of culture positivity. This does appear to confer a higher rate of subsequent infection and a lower revision-free survival. Staphylococcus epidermidis is the most commonly isolated organism followed by other members of the Staphylococcus genus. Further studies are needed to determine the impact of modifiable variables or techniques on asymptomatic culture positivity and the ideal technologies for biofilm prevention. Nosé BD, Grimberg DCD, Lentz AC. Update on Intraoperative Cultures, Biofilms, and Modifiable Factors During Revision of Clinically Non-Infected Penile Implants. Sex Med Rev 2021;9:160-168.
Nosé, BD; Grimberg, DCD; Lentz, AC
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