The role of anticipated regret and health beliefs in HPV vaccination intentions among young adults.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Although cognitions have predicted young adults' human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine decision-making, emotion-based theories of healthcare decision-making suggest that anticipatory emotions may be more predictive. This study examined whether anticipated regret was associated with young adults' intentions to receive the HPV vaccine above and beyond the effects of commonly studied cognitions. Unvaccinated undergraduates (N = 233) completed a survey assessing Health Belief Model (HBM) variables (i.e., perceived severity of HPV-related diseases, perceived risk of developing these diseases, and perceived benefits of HPV vaccination), anticipatory emotions (i.e., anticipated regret if one were unvaccinated and later developed genital warts or HPV-related cancer), and HPV vaccine intentions. Anticipated regret was associated with HPV vaccine intentions above and beyond the effects of HBM variables among men. Among women, neither anticipated regret nor HBM variables showed consistent associations with HPV vaccine intentions. Findings suggest that anticipatory emotions should be considered when designing interventions to increase HPV vaccination among college men.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Christy, SM; Winger, JG; Raffanello, EW; Halpern, LF; Danoff-Burg, S; Mosher, CE

Published Date

  • June 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 39 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 429 - 440

PubMed ID

  • 26782668

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4854757

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1573-3521

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s10865-016-9716-z


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States