Video-Enhanced Care Management for Medically Complex Older Adults with Cognitive Impairment.
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study assessed feasibility of video-enhanced care management for complex older veterans with suspected mild cognitive impairment (CI) and their care partners, compared with telephone delivery. DESIGN: Pilot randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Durham Veterans Affairs Health Care System. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were enrolled as dyads, consisting of veterans aged 65 years or older with complex medical conditions (Care Assessment Need score ≥90) and suspected mild CI (education-adjusted Modified Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status score 20-31) and their care partners. INTERVENTION: The 12-week care management intervention consisted of monthly calls from a study nurse covering medication management, cardiovascular disease risk reduction, physical activity, and sleep behaviors, delivered via video compared with telephone. MEASUREMENTS: Dyads completed baseline and follow-up assessments to assess feasibility, acceptability, and usability. RESULTS: Forty veterans (mean (standard deviation (SD)) age = 72.4 (6.1) years; 100% male; 37.5% Black) and their care partners (mean (SD) age = 64.7 (10.8) years) were enrolled and randomized to telephone or video-enhanced care management. About a third of veteran participants indicated familiarity with relevant technology (regular tablet use and/or experience with videoconferencing); 53.6% of internet users were comfortable or very comfortable using the internet. Overall, 43 (71.7%) care management calls were completed in the video arm and 52 (86.7%) were completed in the telephone arm. Usability of the video telehealth platform was rated higher for participants already familiar with technology used to deliver the intervention (mean (SD) System Usability Scale scores: 65.0 (17.0) vs 55.6 (19.6)). Veterans, care partners, and study nurses reported greater engagement, communication, and interaction in the video arm. CONCLUSION: Video-delivered care management calls were feasible and preferred over telephone for some complex older adults with mild CI and their care partners. Future research should focus on understanding how to assess and incorporate patient and family preferences related to uptake and maintenance of video telehealth interventions.
Hastings, SN; Mahanna, EP; Berkowitz, TSZ; Smith, VA; Choate, AL; Hughes, JM; Pavon, J; Robinson, K; Hendrix, C; Van Houtven, C; Gentry, P; Rose, C; Plassman, BL; Potter, G; Oddone, E
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