Intra-operative ketorolac 15 mg versus 30 mg for analgesia following cesarean delivery: a retrospective study.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Ketorolac is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug used as part of multimodal analgesia in women undergoing cesarean delivery. The lowest effective dose of ketorolac that best optimizes analgesia without increasing side effects is unclear. We performed this retrospective study to compare the analgesic efficacy of 15 mg or 30 mg ketorolac administered intra-operatively to our obstetric population. METHODS: We included patients who underwent cesarean delivery under neuraxial anesthesia and received 15 mg or 30 mg of ketorolac intra-operatively. Our multimodal analgesic regimen is standardized and includes 150 µg spinal or 3 mg epidural morphine, 975 mg rectal acetaminophen, and 15-30 mg intravenous ketorolac within 15 min of surgery completion. The primary outcome was opioid use in the first 6 h after surgery. Secondary outcomes were opioid use at 24 and 48 h, opioid dose, pain scores, breastfeeding, postoperative serum creatinine and need for rescue anti-emetics. RESULTS: One-thousand-three-hundred and forty-nine patients were analyzed (15 mg ketorolac n=999; 30 mg n=350). There was no difference between the two groups in patient demographics or intra-operative characteristics. There was no significant difference between groups for opioid use at 6 h after surgery (50.3% vs 52.0%, odds ratio [95% confidence interval] 1.13 [0.87 to 1.47]). There were also no significant differences between the groups for secondary outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: There was no difference in opioid use between patients receiving either a 15 mg or a 30 mg dose of ketorolac given intra-operatively for postoperative analgesia following cesarean delivery.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Yurashevich, M; Pedro, C; Fuller, M; Habib, AS

Published Date

  • November 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 44 /

Start / End Page

  • 116 - 121

PubMed ID

  • 32947103

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1532-3374

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.ijoa.2020.08.009


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands