Zero Crossing Steps and Anomalous Shapiro Maps in Graphene Josephson Junctions.
The AC Josephson effect manifests itself in the form of "Shapiro steps" of quantized voltage in Josephson junctions subject to radiofrequency (RF) radiation. This effect presents an early example of a driven-dissipative quantum phenomenon and is presently utilized in primary voltage standards. Shapiro steps have also become one of the standard tools to probe junctions made in a variety of novel materials. Here we study Shapiro steps in a widely tunable graphene-based Josephson junction in which the high-frequency dynamics is determined by the on-chip environment. We investigate the variety of patterns that can be obtained in this well-understood system depending on the carrier density, temperature, RF frequency, and magnetic field. Although the patterns of Shapiro steps can change drastically when just one parameter is varied, the overall trends can be understood and the behaviors straightforwardly simulated, showing some key differences from the conventional RCSJ model. The resulting understanding may help interpret similar measurements in more complex materials.
Larson, TFQ; Zhao, L; Arnault, EG; Wei, M-T; Seredinski, A; Li, H; Watanabe, K; Taniguchi, T; Amet, F; Finkelstein, G
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