Virtual Reality Analgesia in Labor: The VRAIL Pilot Study-A Preliminary Randomized Controlled Trial Suggesting Benefit of Immersive Virtual Reality Analgesia in Unmedicated Laboring Women.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

This pilot study investigated the use of virtual reality (VR) in laboring women. Twenty-seven women were observed for equivalent time during unmedicated contractions in the first stage of labor both with and without VR (order balanced and randomized). Numeric rating scale scores were collected after both study conditions. Significant decreases in sensory pain -1.5 (95% CI, -0.8 to -2.2), affective pain -2.5 (95% CI, -1.6 to -3.3), cognitive pain -3.1 (95% CI, -2.4 to -3.8), and anxiety -1.5 (95% CI, -0.8 to -2.3) were observed during VR. Results suggest that VR is a potentially effective technique for improving pain and anxiety during labor.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Frey, DP; Bauer, ME; Bell, CL; Low, LK; Hassett, AL; Cassidy, RB; Boyer, KD; Sharar, SR

Published Date

  • June 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 128 / 6

Start / End Page

  • e93 - e96

PubMed ID

  • 31094789

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1526-7598

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1213/ANE.0000000000003649


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States