A three-tier system for evaluation of organ procurement organizations' willingness to pursue and utilize nonideal donor lungs.
Lungs from "nonideal," but acceptable donors are underutilized; however, organ procurement organization (OPO) metrics do not reflect the extent to which OPO-specific practices contribute to these trends. We developed a comprehensive system to evaluate nonideal lung donor avoidance, or risk aversion among OPOs. Adult donors in the UNOS registry who donated ≥1 organ for transplantation between 2007 and 2018 were included. Nonideal donors had any of age>50, smoking history ≥20 pack-years, PaO2 /FiO2 ratio ≤350, donation after circulatory death, or increased risk status. OPO-level risk aversion in donor pursuit, consent attainment, lung recovery, and transplantation was assessed. Among 83916 donors, 70372 (83.9%) were nonideal. Unadjusted OPO-level rates of nonideal donor pursuit ranged from 81 to 100%. In a three-tier system of overall risk aversion, tier 3 OPOs (least risk-averse) had the highest rates of nonideal donor pursuit, consent attainment, lung recovery, and transplantation. Tier 1 OPOs (most risk-averse) had the lowest rates of donor pursuit, consent attainment, and lung recovery, but higher rates of transplantation compared to tier 2 OPOs (moderately risk-averse). Risk aversion varies among OPOs and across the donation process. OPO evaluations should reflect early donation process stages to best differentiate over- and underperforming OPOs and encourage optimal OPO-specific performance.
Halpern, SE; McConnell, A; Peskoe, SB; Raman, V; Jawitz, OK; Choi, AY; Neely, ML; Palmer, SM; Hartwig, MG
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