The effect of pathogen inactivation on cryoprecipitate: a functional and quantitative evaluation.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
BackgroundAs a pooled donor blood product, cryoprecipitate (cryo) carries risks of pathogen transmission. Pathogen inactivation (PI) improves the safety of cryoprecipitate, but its effects on haemostatic properties remain unclear. This study investigated protein expression in samples of pathogen inactivated cryoprecipitate (PI-cryo) using non-targeted quantitative proteomics and in vitro haemostatic capacity of PI-cryo.
Materials and methodsWhole blood (WB)- and apheresis (APH)-derived plasma was subject to PI with INTERCEPT® Blood System (Cerus Corporation, Concord, CA, USA) and cryo was prepared from treated plasma. Protein levels in PI-cryo and paired controls were quantified using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Functional haemostatic properties of PI-cryo were assessed using a microparticle (MP) prothrombinase assay, thrombin generation assay, and an in vitro coagulopathy model subjected to thromboelastometry.
ResultsOver 300 proteins were quantified across paired PI-cryo and controls. PI did not alter the expression of coagulation factors, but levels of platelet-derived proteins and platelet-derived MPs were markedly lower in the WB PI-cryo group. Compared to controls, WB (but not APH) cryo samples demonstrated significantly lower MP prothrombinase activity, prolonged clotting time, and lower clot firmness on thromboelastometry after PI. However, PI did not affect overall thrombin generation variables in either group.
DiscussionData from this study suggest that PI via INTERCEPT® Blood System does not significantly impact the coagulation factor content or function of cryo but reduces the higher MP content in WB-derived cryo. PI-cryo products may confer benefits in reducing pathogen transmission without affecting haemostatic function, but further in vivo assessment is warranted.
- Kamyszek, RW; Foster, MW; Evans, BA; Stoner, K; Poisson, J; Srinivasan, AJ; Thompson, JW; Moseley, MA; Mooberry, MJ; Welsby, IJ
- November 2020
Volume / Issue
- 18 / 6
Start / End Page
- 454 - 464
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)