A quantitative map of the liver mitochondrial phosphoproteome reveals posttranslational control of ketogenesis.

Journal Article

Mitochondria are dynamic organelles that play a central role in a diverse array of metabolic processes. Elucidating mitochondrial adaptations to changing metabolic demands and the pathogenic alterations that underlie metabolic disorders represent principal challenges in cell biology. Here, we performed multiplexed quantitative mass spectrometry-based proteomics to chart the remodeling of the mouse liver mitochondrial proteome and phosphoproteome during both acute and chronic physiological transformations in more than 50 mice. Our analyses reveal that reversible phosphorylation is widespread in mitochondria, and is a key mechanism for regulating ketogenesis during the onset of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Specifically, we have demonstrated that phosphorylation of a conserved serine on Hmgcs2 (S456) significantly enhances its catalytic activity in response to increased ketogenic demand. Collectively, our work describes the plasticity of this organelle at high resolution and provides a framework for investigating the roles of proteome restructuring and reversible phosphorylation in mitochondrial adaptation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Grimsrud, PA; Carson, JJ; Hebert, AS; Hubler, SL; Niemi, NM; Bailey, DJ; Jochem, A; Stapleton, DS; Keller, MP; Westphall, MS; Yandell, BS; Attie, AD; Coon, JJ; Pagliarini, DJ

Published Date

  • November 7, 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 16 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 672 - 683

PubMed ID

  • 23140645

Pubmed Central ID

  • 23140645

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1932-7420

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.cmet.2012.10.004

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States