VanA rectal swab screening as a predictor of subsequent vancomycin-resistant enterococcal bloodstream infection in critically ill adults.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether vanA rectal screening for vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) predicts vancomycin resistance for patients with enterococcal bloodstream infection (BSI). DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Large academic medical center. METHODS: The predictive performance of a vanA rectal swab was evaluated in 161 critically ill adults with an enterococcal BSI from January 1, 2007, to September 1, 2014, and who had a vanA rectal swab screening obtained within 14 days prior to blood culture. RESULTS: Of the patients meeting inclusion criteria, 83 (51.6%) were vanA swab positive. Rectal-swab-positive patients were more likely to be younger, to be immunocompromised, to have an indwelling central vascular catheter, and to have a history of MDR bacteria. The vanA rectal swab had sensitivity and negative predictive values of 83.6% and 85.9%, respectively, and specificity and positive predictive values of 71.3% and 67.5%, respectively, for predicting a vancomycin-resistant enterococcal BSI in critically ill adults. CONCLUSIONS: VanA rectal swabs may be useful for antimicrobial stewardship at institutions with VRE screening already in place for infection control purposes. A higher PPV would be warranted to implement a universal vanA screen on all ICU patients.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kram, SJ; Kram, BL; Schultheis, JM; Kuhrt, MM; McRae, AS; Anderson, DJ

Published Date

  • April 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 42 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 411 - 416

PubMed ID

  • 33054879

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1559-6834

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1017/ice.2020.1218

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States