Platelet reactivity in response to aspirin and ticagrelor in African-Americans and European-Americans.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Platelet gene polymorphisms are associated with variable on-treatment platelet reactivity and vary by race. Whether differences in platelet reactivity and aspirin or ticagrelor exist between African-American and European-Americans remains poorly understood. Biological samples from three prior prospective antiplatelet challenge studies at the Duke Clinical Research Unit were used to compare platelet reactivity between African-American and European-American subjects. Platelet reactivity at baseline, on-aspirin, on-ticagrelor, and the treatment effect of aspirin or ticagrelor were compared between groups using an adjusted mixed effects model. Compared with European-Americans (n = 282; 50% female; mean ± standard deviation age, 50 ± 16), African-Americans (n = 209; 67% female; age 48 ± 12) had lower baseline platelet reactivity with platelet function analyzer-100 (PFA-100) (p < 0.01) and with light transmission aggregometry (LTA) in response to arachidonic acid (AA), adenosine diphosphate (ADP), and epinephrine agonists (p < 0.05). African-Americans had lower platelet reactivity on aspirin in response to ADP, epinephrine, and collagen (p < 0.05) and on ticagrelor in response to AA, ADP, and collagen (p < 0.05). The treatment effect of aspirin was greater in European-Americans with an AA agonist (p = 0.002). Between-race differences with in vitro aspirin mirrored those seen in vivo. The treatment effect of ticagrelor was greater in European-Americans in response to ADP (p < 0.05) but with collagen, the treatment effect was greater for African-Americans (p < 0.05). Platelet reactivity was overall lower in African-Americans off-treatment, on aspirin, and on ticagrelor. European-Americans experienced greater platelet suppression on aspirin and on ticagrelor. The aspirin response difference in vivo and in vitro suggests a mechanism intrinsic to the platelet. Whether the absolute level of platelet reactivity or the degree of platelet suppression after treatment is more important for clinical outcomes is uncertain.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Infeld, M; Friede, KA; San, TR; Knickerbocker, HJ; Ginsburg, GS; Ortel, TL; Voora, D

Published Date

  • February 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 51 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 249 - 259

PubMed ID

  • 33159252

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC7889728

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1573-742X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s11239-020-02327-w

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands