YJ5 as an immunohistochemical marker of osteogenic lineage.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Overexpression of WLS, an upstream protein in the Wnt pathway, has been implicated in several non-osteogenic tumours. This study represents the first attempt at evaluating WLS expression in various bone and soft tissue tumours using YJ5, a monoclonal antibody specific to WLS, with the aim of elucidating its utility in discerning tumours with aberrant Wnt signalling and as a marker of osteogenic lineage in challenging cases. Tumour tissue sections of 144 bone mass lesions and 63 soft tissue mass lesions were immunostained with the YJ5 antibody following standardised protocols. Subsequent assessment of immunoreactivity segregated cases into one of three groups: absent/weak, moderate, or strong YJ5 immunoreactivity. For the bone tumours, strong YJ5 immunoreactivity was seen in almost all osteosarcomas and chondroblastomas, all osteoblastomas and osteoid osteomas. In contrast, all other cartilaginous tumours, chordomas, aneurysmal bone cysts, chondromyxoid fibromas, most fibrous dysplasias and most giant cell tumours exhibited absent/weak YJ5 immunostaining. For the soft tissue tumours, a more heterogeneous pattern of YJ5 immunoreactivity was observed. Because diffuse and strong YJ5 expression is identified in almost all benign and malignant bone tumours with osteoblastic activity, it can be potentially utilised as an immunohistochemical marker to support osteogenic lineage. If interpreted in the appropriate context, this marker is useful in determining whether a malignant bone tumour is an osteosarcoma, particularly in those subtypes with no or minimal osteoid or unusual morphological features. This marker can also complement SATB2 to denote osteogenic lineage.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Chua, K; Virshup, DM; Odono, EG; Chang, KTE; Tan, NJH; Hue, SS-S; Sim, AYL; Lee, VKM

Published Date

  • February 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 53 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 229 - 238

PubMed ID

  • 33187685

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1465-3931

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.pathol.2020.07.017


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England