Impact of time-to-surgery on outcomes of patients undergoing curative-intent liver resection for BCLC-0, A and B hepatocellular carcinoma.

Journal Article (Journal Article)


The impact of a prolonged time-to-surgery (TTS) among patients with resectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is not well defined.


Patients who underwent curative-intent hepatectomy for BCLC-0, A and B HCC between 2000 and 2017 were identified using a multi-institutional database. The impact of prolonged TTS on overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) was examined.


Among 775 patients who underwent resection for HCC, 537 (69.3%) had early surgery (TTS < 90 days) and 238 (30.7%) patients had a delayed surgery (TTS ≥ 90 days). Patient- and tumor-related characteristics were similar between the two groups except for a higher proportion of patients undergoing major liver resection in the early surgery group (31.3% vs. 23.8%, p = .04). The percentage of patients with delayed surgery varied from 8.8% to 59.1% among different centers (p < .001). Patients with TTS < 90 days had similar 5-year OS (63.7% vs. 64.9; p = .79) and 5-year DFS (33.5% vs. 42.4; p = .20) with that of patients with TTS ≥ 90 days. On multivariable analysis, delayed surgery was not associated with neither worse OS (BCLC-0/A: adjusted hazards ratio [aHR] = 0.90; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.65-1.25 and BCLC-B: aHR = 0.72; 95%CI: 0.30-1.74) nor DFS (BCLC-0/A: aHR = 0.78; 95%CI: 0.60-1.01 and BCLC-B: aHR = 0.67; 95% CI: 0.36-1.25).


Approximately one in three patients diagnosed with resectable HCC had a prolonged TTS. Delayed surgery was not associated with worse outcomes among patients with resectable HCC.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Tsilimigras, DI; Hyer, JM; Diaz, A; Moris, D; Bagante, F; Ratti, F; Marques, HP; Soubrane, O; Lam, V; Poultsides, GA; Popescu, I; Alexandrescu, S; Martel, G; Workneh, A; Guglielmi, A; Hugh, T; Aldrighetti, L; Endo, I; Pawlik, TM

Published Date

  • February 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 123 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 381 - 388

PubMed ID

  • 33174627

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1096-9098

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-4790

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/jso.26297


  • eng