Rates of Reoperation in 10 114 Patients with Epiretinal Membranes Treated by Vitrectomy with or without Inner Limiting Membrane Peeling.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Multicenter Study)

PURPOSE: To compare rates of reoperation in patients with idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM) who received pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with or without inner limiting membrane (ILM) peeling and to assess trends in the overall use of ILM peeling over time. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Patients included in the IBM Marketscan database between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2016, who underwent surgery for idiopathic ERM. METHODS: Procedure claims with laterality codes were used to determine patients with idiopathic ERM who received PPV with or without ILM peel between 2008 and 2016, and to identify cases of reoperation and subsequent retinal detachment within 1 year of index surgery. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was rate of reoperation for recurrent ERM according to whether or not patients receive an ILM peel during their index ERM surgery. We also assessed trends for index ERM surgery (ILM peel or no ILM peel) between 2008 and 2016, and the risk of developing retinal detachment within 1 year of the index ERM surgery. RESULTS: A total of 10 114 patients received ERM surgery and met inclusion criteria (5310 without ILM peel and 4804 with ILM peel). The reoperation rate was significantly lower among patients who received PPV with ILM peel (0.88%) compared with patients without ILM peel (1.48%; P = 0.007). In 2008, PPV without ILM peel represented 70% of ERM procedures, but PPV with ILM peeling accounted for 52% and 70% of ERM procedures in 2013 (P < 0.001) and 2016 (P < 0.001), respectively. The rates of retinal detachment were similar between patients who received an ILM peel (0.79%) and patients who did not receive an ILM peel (0.92%) during their primary ERM surgery (P = 0.474). CONCLUSIONS: The increasing use of PPV with ILM peeling to address ERM removal is associated with significantly reduced reoperation rates within 1 year. Future studies are needed to determine the cost-effectiveness of performing an ILM peel for initial idiopathic ERM repairs and evaluate long-term visual and structural changes related to ILM peeling.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rayess, N; Vail, D; Mruthyunjaya, P

Published Date

  • July 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 5 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 664 - 669

PubMed ID

  • 33127527

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2468-6530

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.oret.2020.10.013


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States