Thoracic Visceral Adipose Tissue Area and Pulmonary Hypertension in Lung Transplant Candidates. The Lung Transplant Body Composition Study.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Rationale: Obesity is associated with an increased risk of pulmonary hypertension (PH); however, regional adipose tissue deposition is heterogeneous with distinct cardiovascular phenotypes.Objectives: To determine the association of body mass index (BMI) and thoracic visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue areas (VAT and SAT, respectively) with PH in patients with advanced lung disease referred for lung transplantation.Methods: We studied patients undergoing evaluation for lung transplantation at three centers from the Lung Transplant Body Composition Study. PH was defined as mean pulmonary artery pressure >20 mm Hg and pulmonary vascular resistance ≥3 Wood units. VAT and SAT were measured on chest computed tomography and normalized to height squared.Results: One hundred thirty-seven (34%) of 399 patients included in our study had PH. Doubling of thoracic VAT was associated with significantly lower pulmonary vascular resistance (β, -0.24; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], -0.46 to -0.02; P = 0.04), higher pulmonary arterial wedge pressure (β, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.32 to 1.26; P = 0.001), and decreased risk of PH (relative risk, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.74 to 0.99; P = 0.04) after multivariate adjustment. Vaspin levels were higher in patients without PH (median, 101.8 vs. 92.0 pg/ml; P < 0.001) but did not mediate the association between VAT and the risk of PH. SAT and BMI were not independently associated with risk of PH.Conclusions: Lower thoracic VAT was associated with a higher risk of PH in patients with advanced lung disease undergoing evaluation for lung transplantation. The role of adipokines in the pulmonary vascular disease remains to be evaluated.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Al-Naamani, N; Pan, H-M; Anderson, MR; Torigian, DA; Tong, Y; Oyster, M; Porteous, MK; Palmer, S; Arcasoy, SM; Diamond, JM; Udupa, JK; Christie, JD; Lederer, DJ; Kawut, SM

Published Date

  • November 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 17 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 1393 - 1400

PubMed ID

  • 32530703

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC7640728

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2325-6621

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1513/AnnalsATS.202003-247OC

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States