Factors associated with short- versus long-term survival after lung transplant.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVE: A small but growing proportion of lung transplant recipients survive longer than a decade post-transplant. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with survival beyond a decade after lung transplant. METHODS: We queried the United Network for Organ Sharing registry for adult (age ≥18 years) recipients undergoing first-time isolated lung transplantation between the introduction of the Lung Allocation Score in 2005 and 2009. Recipients were stratified into 3 cohorts: those who survived less than 1 year, 1 to 10 years, and greater than 10 years. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify factors independently associated with early mortality (<1 year) and long-term (>10 years) survival. RESULTS: A total of 5171 lung transplant recipients and their associated donors met inclusion criteria, including 964 (18.6%) with early mortality, 2843 (55.0%) with intermediate survival, and 1364 (26.3%) long-term survivors. Factors independently associated with early mortality included donor Black race, cigarette use, arterial oxygen partial pressure/fractional inspired oxygen ratio, diabetes, recipient Lung Allocation Score, total bilirubin, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation bridge requirement, single lung transplantation, and annual lung transplant center volume. The only factors independently associated with long-term survival among those who survived at least 1 year was donor age and single lung transplantation. CONCLUSIONS: Of patients undergoing lung transplantation after the implementation of the Lung Allocation Score, approximately one-quarter survived 10 years post-transplant. There was minimal overlap between the factors associated with 1-year and 10-year survival. Of note, the Lung Allocation Score was not associated with long-term survival. Further research is needed to better refine patient selection and optimize management strategies to increase the number of long-term survivors.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Jawitz, OK; Raman, V; Becerra, D; Klapper, J; Hartwig, MG

Published Date

  • March 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 163 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 853 - 860.e2

PubMed ID

  • 33168166

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8024421

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1097-685X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2020.09.097


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States