Effects of Nurse-Delivered Cognitive Behavioral Intervention on Depression and Anxiety for Persons Living With HIV in China: A Clinical Controlled Trial.
Depression and anxiety, which may influence antiretroviral therapy (ART) medication adherence, are prevalent among persons living with HIV (PLWH) in China. This parallel two-arm clinical controlled trial aimed to examine the effects of a nurse-delivered cognitive behavioral intervention (CBI) on depression, anxiety, and ART medication adherence in Chinese PLWH. Using in-person and online recruitment, 140 PLWH ages 18 years and older who were undergoing ART and had a Patient Health Questionnaire-4 score of ≥2 were assigned to the 10-week-long CBI group or the routine follow-up group according to their preference. Outcomes were measured at baseline, postintervention, and 6-month follow-up. Results showed significant intervention effects on depression maintained until the 6-month follow-up. Although anxiety and ART medication adherence did not show robust effects between conditions, amelioration trends for these outcomes were also found. Our study demonstrated that the nurse-delivered CBI could help Chinese PLWH ameliorate depression.
Han, S; Hu, Y; Relf, MV; Mulawa, MI; Lu, H; Zhang, L; Zhu, Z; Luo, J; Pei, Y; Wu, B
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