Increasing comparability among coral bleaching experiments.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Coral bleaching is the single largest global threat to coral reefs worldwide. Integrating the diverse body of work on coral bleaching is critical to understanding and combating this global problem. Yet investigating the drivers, patterns, and processes of coral bleaching poses a major challenge. A recent review of published experiments revealed a wide range of experimental variables used across studies. Such a wide range of approaches enhances discovery, but without full transparency in the experimental and analytical methods used, can also make comparisons among studies challenging. To increase comparability but not stifle innovation, we propose a common framework for coral bleaching experiments that includes consideration of coral provenance, experimental conditions, and husbandry. For example, reporting the number of genets used, collection site conditions, the experimental temperature offset(s) from the maximum monthly mean (MMM) of the collection site, experimental light conditions, flow, and the feeding regime will greatly facilitate comparability across studies. Similarly, quantifying common response variables of endosymbiont (Symbiodiniaceae) and holobiont phenotypes (i.e., color, chlorophyll, endosymbiont cell density, mortality, and skeletal growth) could further facilitate cross-study comparisons. While no single bleaching experiment can provide the data necessary to determine global coral responses of all corals to current and future ocean warming, linking studies through a common framework as outlined here, would help increase comparability among experiments, facilitate synthetic insights into the causes and underlying mechanisms of coral bleaching, and reveal unique bleaching responses among genets, species, and regions. Such a collaborative framework that fosters transparency in methods used would strengthen comparisons among studies that can help inform coral reef management and facilitate conservation strategies to mitigate coral bleaching worldwide.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Grottoli, AG; Toonen, RJ; van Woesik, R; Vega Thurber, R; Warner, ME; McLachlan, RH; Price, JT; Bahr, KD; Baums, IB; Castillo, KD; Coffroth, MA; Cunning, R; Dobson, KL; Donahue, MJ; Hench, JL; Iglesias-Prieto, R; Kemp, DW; Kenkel, CD; Kline, DI; Kuffner, IB; Matthews, JL; Mayfield, AB; Padilla-Gamiño, JL; Palumbi, S; Voolstra, CR; Weis, VM; Wu, HC

Published Date

  • June 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 31 / 4

Start / End Page

  • e02262 -

PubMed ID

  • 33222325

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8243963

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1051-0761

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/eap.2262

Language

  • eng