Molecular mechanism of knockdown resistance to pyrethroid insecticides

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Pyrethroid insecticides have been used extensively in controlling arthropod pests and disease vectors. They act on voltage-gated sodium channels, which are essential for the initiation and propagation of the action potential in neurons and other excitable cells. A serious obstacle to effective use of these compounds is the emergence of resistance. One major mechanism of DDT and pyrethroid resistance is known as knockdown resistance (kdr). Numerous mutations in sodium channels have been identified that confer resistance to pyrethroids in various arthropod pests and disease vectors. Identification of kdr mutations not only provides precise molecular markers for rapidly assessing the frequency of resistance alleles in field populations, but has also proven to be extremely valuable for elucidating the molecular identity of pyrethroid receptor sites, PyR1 and PyR2.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Du, Y; Nomura, Y; Zhorov, BS; Dong, K

Published Date

  • July 25, 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 1169 /

Start / End Page

  • 25 - 32

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0567-7572

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.17660/ActaHortic.2017.1169.5

Citation Source

  • Scopus