Growing Options for Shrinking Cities

Journal Article (Journal Article)

When people and industries leave a community, water utilities face the potential loss of revenue from departing customers and the cost and issues associated with maintaining excess system capacity. Water systems seek to (1) ensure affordability, (2) maintain high service and quality, and (3) sustain fiscal viability; this creates a trilemma for shrinking cities that can ensure only two of the three. To meet challenges, water service providers in shrinking cities need flexible approaches, such as downsizing, diversifying revenue sources, consolidating with other systems, or privatizing; absent such changes, the federal or state governments must step in.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Doyle, MW; Patterson, L; Smull, E; Warren, S

Published Date

  • December 1, 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 112 / 12

Start / End Page

  • 56 - 66

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1551-8833

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0003-150X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/awwa.1634

Citation Source

  • Scopus