LR-3 and LR-4 Lesions Are More Likely to Be Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Transplant Patients with LR-5 or LR-TR Lesions.
BACKGROUND: Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) classifies liver nodules from LR-1 to LR-5 based on risk for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). It is challenging to know the nature of the LR-3 and LR-4 lesions. AIMS: To test our hypothesis that in patients with a definite HCC (LR-5) or treated HCC (LR-TR), a coexisting LR-3 or LR-4 lesion is more likely to represent HCC compared to patients without LR-5 or LR-TR lesions. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study including all adult patients who received liver transplantation in our institution from 1/1/2014 to 3/3/2020 who had any LR-3 or LR-4 lesion on pre-transplant MRI. RESULTS: Seventy-eight patients were included in the final cohort (115 LR-3 and LR-4 lesions total). When accompanied by LR-5 or LR-TR lesions, 41% (28/69) of LR-3 lesions were HCC compared to 12% (3/25) when not accompanied by LR-5 LR-TR lesions. When accompanied by LR-5 or LR-TR lesions, 83% (10/12) of LR-4 lesions were HCC, versus 33% (3/9) when not accompanied by LR-5 or LR-TR lesions. In a multivariable analysis of all lesions, the presence of a LR-5 or LR-TR lesion was significantly associated with LR-3 or LR-4 lesions representing HCC (OR 6.4, p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: LR-3 and LR-4 lesions are more likely to be HCC in patients with LR-5 or LR-TR lesions. The presence of coexisting definite HCC may be a useful diagnostic feature to improve risk stratification of lesions without typical imaging features of HCC. This may also affect decision-making prior to liver transplant when HCC burden must be accurately determined.
Lee, T-H; Hirshman, N; Cardona, DM; Berg, CL; Fowler, KJ; Bashir, MR; Ronald, J
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)