Effects of intravesical prostaglandin E2 on bladder function are preserved in capsaicin-desensitized rats.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2 ) instilled into the bladder generates symptoms of urinary urgency in healthy women and reduces bladder capacity and urethral pressure in both humans and female rats. Systemic capsaicin desensitization, which causes degeneration of C-fibers, prevented PGE2 -mediated reductions in bladder capacity, suggesting that PGE2 acts as an irritant (Maggi CA, Giuliani S, Conte B, Furio M, Santicioli P, Meli P, Gragnani L, Meli A. Eur J Pharmacol 145: 105-112, 1988). In the present study, we instilled PGE2 in female rats after capsaicin desensitization but without the hypogastric nerve transection that was conducted in the Maggi et al. study. One week after capsaicin injection (125 mg/kg sc), rats underwent cystometric and urethral perfusion testing under urethane anesthesia with saline and 100 µM PGE2 . Similar to naïve rats, capsaicin-desensitized rats exhibited a reduction in bladder capacity from 1.23 ± 0.08 mL to 0.70 ± 0.10 mL (P = 0.002, n = 9), a reduction in urethral perfusion pressure from 19.3 ± 2.1 cmH2 O to 10.9 ± 1.2 cmH2 O (P = 0.004, n = 9), and a reduction in bladder compliance from 0.13 ± 0.020 mL/cmH2 O to 0.090 ± 0.014 mL/cmH2 O (P = 0.011, n = 9). Thus, changes in bladder function following the instillation of PGE2 were not dependent on capsaicin-sensitive pathways. Further, these results suggest that urethral relaxation/weakness and/or increased detrusor pressure as a result of decreased compliance may contribute to urinary urgency and highlight potential targets for new therapies for overactive bladder.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hokanson, JA; Langdale, CL; Milliken, PH; Sridhar, A; Grill, WM

Published Date

  • February 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 320 / 2

Start / End Page

  • F212 - F223

PubMed ID

  • 33283648

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC7948121

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1522-1466

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1931-857X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1152/ajprenal.00302.2020


  • eng