Trabecular Microbypass Stent and Phacoemulsification in African American Patients With Open-angle Glaucoma: Outcomes and Effect of Prior Laser Trabeculoplasty.
(Journal Article;Multicenter Study)
PRECIS: In African American patients with glaucoma, iStent/phacoemulsification lowered intraocular pressure and reduced glaucoma medication usage for up to 1 year, even in patients with prior selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT). PURPOSE: Currently, no studies have examined the outcomes of a trabecular microbypass stent and phacoemulsification in African American patients. Here, the authors investigate whether iStent/phacoemulsification decreases intraocular pressure (IOP) and/or medication usage in African American patients with glaucoma. They are also interested in whether prior SLT would affect outcomes of iStent/phacoemulsification. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A multicenter, retrospective case series of eyes that underwent iStent/phacoemulsification between 2013 and 2017 with up to 1-year follow-up. Eyes with a confirmed diagnosis of glaucoma in African American patients were included. Eyes with neovascular glaucoma or closed angle glaucoma and eyes that underwent previous incisional glaucoma surgery were excluded. RESULTS: Eighty-nine eyes were included in the study and data for 66 eyes were available at postoperative year 1 (POY1). IOP decreased from 18.3±5.7 mm Hg to 15.9±4.6 (P<0.001) and glaucoma medication usage decreased from 1.9±1.1 to 1.1±1.1 (P<0.001) at POY1. Eyes that underwent prior SLT experienced less of a decrease in IOP when compared with eyes without prior SLT, but IOP at POY1 was not significantly different between these groups. Both groups had a similar reduction in medication usage. The most common complications were IOP spikes on postoperative day 1 and microhyphemas. CONCLUSIONS: In this cohort, there was a significant decrease in IOP and medication usage 1 year after iStent/phacoemulsification. iStent/phacoemulsification is an effective and safe treatment option in African American patients with glaucoma.
Bargoud, AR; Lira, J; An, S; Walsman, SM; Herndon, LW; Khouri, AS
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