Years of potential life lost for brain and CNS tumors relative to other cancers in adults in the United States, 2010.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Years of potential life lost (YPLL) complement incidence and survival rates by measuring how much a patient's life is likely to be shortened by his or her cancer. In this study, we examine the impact of death due to brain and other central nervous system (CNS) tumors compared to other common cancers in adults by investigating the YPLL of adults in the United States. METHODS: Mortality and life table data were obtained from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics Vital Statistics Data for 2010. The study population included individuals aged 20 years or older at death who died from one of the selected cancers. YPLL was calculated by taking an individual's age at death and finding the corresponding expected remaining years of life using life table data. RESULTS: The cancers with the greatest mean YPLL were other malignant CNS tumors (20.65), malignant brain tumors (19.93), and pancreatic cancer (15.13) for males and malignant brain tumors (20.31), breast cancer (18.78), and other malignant CNS tumors (18.36) for females. For both sexes, non-Hispanic whites had the lowest YPLL, followed by non-Hispanic blacks, and Hispanics. CONCLUSION: Malignant brain and other CNS tumors have the greatest mean YPLL, thereby reflecting their short survival time post diagnosis. These findings will hopefully motivate more research into mitigating the impact of these debilitating tumors.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rouse, C; Gittleman, H; Ostrom, QT; Kruchko, C; Barnholtz-Sloan, JS

Published Date

  • January 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 18 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 70 - 77

PubMed ID

  • 26459813

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4677421

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1523-5866

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/neuonc/nov249

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England