Childhood brain tumor epidemiology: a brain tumor epidemiology consortium review.
Childhood brain tumors are the most common pediatric solid tumor and include several histologic subtypes. Although progress has been made in improving survival rates for some subtypes, understanding of risk factors for childhood brain tumors remains limited to a few genetic syndromes and ionizing radiation to the head and neck. In this report, we review descriptive and analytical epidemiology childhood brain tumor studies from the past decade and highlight priority areas for future epidemiology investigations and methodological work that is needed to advance our understanding of childhood brain tumor causes. Specifically, we summarize the results of a review of studies published since 2004 that have analyzed incidence and survival in different international regions and that have examined potential genetic, immune system, developmental and birth characteristics, and environmental risk factors. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; 23(12); 2716-36. ©2014 AACR.
Johnson, KJ; Cullen, J; Barnholtz-Sloan, JS; Ostrom, QT; Langer, CE; Turner, MC; McKean-Cowdin, R; Fisher, JL; Lupo, PJ; Partap, S; Schwartzbaum, JA; Scheurer, ME
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