Increasing the Uptake of HIV Testing among Men in Tanzania: A Novel Intervention for Bar Patrons.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

We investigated a novel community-based HIV testing and counseling (HTC) strategy by recruiting men from bars in northern Tanzania in order to identify new HIV infections. All bars in the town of Boma Ng'ombe were identified and male patrons were systematically invited to participate in a health study. HIV testing was offered to all enrolled participants. Outputs included HIV test yield, cost per diagnosis, and comparison of our observed test yield to that among male patients contemporaneously tested at five local facility-based HTC. We enrolled 366 participants and identified 17 new infections - providing a test yield of 5.3% (95% Confidence interval [CI] 3.3-8.4). The test yield among men contemporaneously tested at five local HTC centers was 2.1% (95% CI 1.6-2.8). The cost-per-diagnosis was $634. Our results suggest that recruiting male bar patrons for HIV testing is efficient for identifying new HIV infections. The scalability of this intervention warrants further evaluation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Madut, DB; Manavalan, P; Mtalo, A; Peter, TA; Ostermann, J; Njau, B; Thielman, NM

Published Date

  • July 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 25 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 2014 - 2022

PubMed ID

  • 33389376

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8169552

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1573-3254

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s10461-020-03131-6


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States