Different evolutionary pathways of HIV-1 between fetus and mother perinatal transmission pairs indicate unique immune selection in fetuses.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Study of evolution and selection pressure on HIV-1 in fetuses will lead to a better understanding of the role of immune responses in shaping virus evolution and vertical transmission. Detailed genetic analyses of HIV-1 env gene from 12 in utero transmission pairs show that most infections (67%) occur within 2 months of childbirth. In addition, the env sequences from long-term-infected fetuses are highly divergent and form separate phylogenetic lineages from their cognate maternal viruses. Host-selection sites unique to neonate viruses are identified in regions frequently targeted by neutralizing antibodies and T cell immune responses. Identification of unique selection sites in the env gene of fetal viruses indicates that the immune system in fetuses is capable of exerting selection pressure on viral evolution. Studying selection and evolution of HIV-1 or other viruses in fetuses can be an alternative approach to investigate adaptive immunity in fetuses.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Marichannegowda, MH; Mengual, M; Kumar, A; Giorgi, EE; Tu, JJ; Martinez, DR; Romero-Severson, EO; Li, X; Feng, L; Permar, SR; Gao, F

Published Date

  • July 20, 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 2 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 100315 -

PubMed ID

  • 34337555

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8324465

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2666-3791

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.xcrm.2021.100315


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States