Proton pump inhibitor usage reduces sustained viral response rates for veterans with HIV/HCV coinfection on ledipasvir/sofosbuvir: a real-world study from a multicentre VA cohort.
(Journal Article;Multicenter Study)
Previous studies have reported an association of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use and decreased sustained viral response rate (SVR) in patients taking ledipasvir/sofosbuvir (LDV/SOF). The relationship between PPI usage and SVR is less clear in patients with HIV/HCV coinfection, where concomitant antiretrovirals may result in more complex drug interactions. This retrospective study evaluates the effects of acid suppression medications (PPI or H2 -receptor antagonist [H2 B]) use and SVR rates in patients with HIV/HCV or HCV and taking LDV/SOF in a large multicentre veteran cohort. Patients in the Veterans Affairs Health Care System who received LDV/SOF ± ribavirin from 10/10/2014 to 12/31/2015 were included. The odds ratios (OR) of PPI or H2 B use for SVR were adjusted for clinical factors and with inverse probability of treatment weighting for non-random treatment selection for acid suppression medication use. There were 9703 veterans included in our final analysis. After adjustment of other clinical factors, PPI use is associated with a lower SVR in the overall cohort (95.0% vs. 96.1%, OR: 0.86, 95% CI: 0.74-0.99, p = .03, number needed to harm 90.9) and HIV/HCV coinfection subgroup (93.4% vs. 96.9%, OR: 0.47, 95% CI: 0.26-0.85, p = .01, number needed to harm 28.6). This present study reveals PPI use is associated with reduced SVR after LDV/SOF treatment, with a more significant impact in the subgroup of patients with HIV/HCV coinfection. Precautions need to be taken when using PPI and LDV/SOF in this group of patients.
Lee, T-H; Chan, A; Bryan, W; Park, L; Hashem, M; Townsend, M; Moylan, C; Britt, R; Choi, S; Naggie, S
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