Review of Technical Advancements and Clinical Applications of Photon-counting Computed Tomography in Imaging of the Thorax.
Photon-counting computed tomography (CT) is a developing technology that has the potential to address some limitations of CT imaging and bring about improvements and potentially new applications to this field. Photon-counting detectors have a fundamentally different detection mechanism from conventional CT energy-integrating detectors that can improve dose efficiency, spatial resolution, and energy-discrimination capabilities. In the past decade, promising human studies have been reported in the literature that have demonstrated benefits of this relatively new technology for various clinical applications. In this review, we provide a succinct description of the photon-counting detector technology and its detection mechanism in comparison with energy-integrating detectors in a manner understandable for clinicians and radiologists, introduce benefits and some of the existing challenges present in this technology, and provide an overview of the current status and potential clinical applications of this technology in imaging of the thorax by providing example images acquired with an investigational whole-body photon-counting CT scanner.
Farhadi, F; Rajagopal, JR; Nikpanah, M; Sahbaee, P; Malayeri, AA; Pritchard, WF; Samei, E; Jones, EC; Chen, MY
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