Facilitated cascade testing (FaCT): a randomized controlled trial.
BACKGROUND: Identifying mutation-carrying relatives of patients with hereditary cancer syndromes via cascade testing is an underused first step in primary cancer prevention. A feasibility study of facilitated genetic testing of at-risk relatives of patients with a known pathogenic mutation demonstrated encouraging uptake of cascade testing. PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Our primary objective is to compare the proportion of genetic testing of identified first-degree relatives of probands with a confirmed BRCA1/2 mutation randomized to a facilitated cascade testing strategy versus standard of care, proband-mediated, information sharing. STUDY HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesize that facilitated cascade testing will drive significantly higher uptake of genetic testing than the standard of care. TRIAL DESIGN: The FaCT (Facilitated Cascade Testing) trial is a prospective multi-institutional randomized study comparing the efficacy of a multicomponent facilitated cascade testing intervention with the standard of care. Patients with a known BRCA1/2 mutation (probands) cared for at participating sites will be randomized. Probands randomized to the standard of care group will be instructed to share a family letter with their first-degree relatives and encourage them to complete genetic testing. First-degree relatives of probands randomized to the intervention arm will receive engagement strategies with a patient navigator, an educational video, and accessible genetic testing services. MAJOR INCLUSION/EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Adult participants who are first-degree relatives of a patient with a BRCA1/2 mutation and have not had prior genetic testing will be included. PRIMARY ENDPOINT: Analyses will assess the proportion of first-degree relatives identified by the proband who complete genetic testing by 6 months in the intervention arm versus the control arm. SAMPLE SIZE: One hundred and fifty probands with a BRCA1/2 mutation will be randomized. Each proband is expected to provide an average of 3 relatives, for an expected 450 participants. ESTIMATED DATES FOR COMPLETING ACCRUAL AND PRESENTING RESULTS: January 2024. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT04613440.
Nitecki, R; Moss, HA; Watson, CH; Urbauer, DL; Melamed, A; Lu, KH; Lipkin, SM; Offit, K; Rauh-Hain, JA; Frey, MK
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