Distribution of Bone Contusion Patterns in Acute Noncontact Anterior Cruciate Ligament-Torn Knees.
BACKGROUND: Bone contusions are commonly observed on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in individuals who have sustained a noncontact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. Time from injury to image acquisition affects the ability to visualize these bone contusions, as contusions resolve with time. PURPOSE: To quantify the number of bone contusions and their locations (lateral tibial plateau [LTP], lateral femoral condyle [LFC], medial tibial plateau [MTP], and medial femoral condyle [MFC]) observed on MRI scans of noncontact ACL-injured knees acquired within 6 weeks of injury. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed clinic notes, operative notes, and imaging of 136 patients undergoing ACL reconstruction. The following exclusion criteria were applied: MRI scans acquired beyond 6 weeks after injury, contact ACL injury, and previous knee trauma. Fat-suppressed fast spin-echo T2-weighted MRI scans were reviewed by a blinded musculoskeletal radiologist. The number of contusions and their locations (LTP, LFC, MTP, and MFC) were recorded. RESULTS: Contusions were observed in 135 of 136 patients. Eight patients (6%) had 1 contusion, 39 (29%) had 2, 41 (30%) had 3, and 47 (35%) had 4. The most common contusion patterns within each of these groups were 6 (75%) with LTP for 1 contusion, 29 (74%) with LTP/LFC for 2 contusions, 33 (80%) with LTP/LFC/MTP for 3 contusions, and 47 (100%) with LTP/LFC/MTP/MFC for 4 contusions. No sex differences were detected in contusion frequency in the 4 locations (P > .05). Among the participants, 50 (37%) had medial meniscal tears and 52 (38%) had lateral meniscal tears. CONCLUSION: The most common contusion patterns observed were 4 locations (LTP/LFC/MTP/MFC) and 3 locations (LTP/LFC/MTP).
Kim-Wang, SY; Scribani, MB; Whiteside, MB; DeFrate, LE; Lassiter, TE; Wittstein, JR
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