The role of Denosumab in joint preservation for patients with giant cell tumour of bone.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

AIMS: Local recurrence remains a challenging and common problem following curettage and joint-sparing surgery for giant cell tumour of bone (GCTB). We previously reported a 15% local recurrence rate at a median follow-up of 30 months in 20 patients with high-risk GCTB treated with neoadjuvant Denosumab. The aim of this study was to determine if this initial favourable outcome following the use of Denosumab was maintained with longer follow-up. METHODS: Patients with GCTB of the limb considered high-risk for unsuccessful joint salvage, due to minimal periarticular and subchondral bone, large soft tissue mass, or pathological fracture, were treated with Denosumab followed by extended intralesional curettage with the goal of preserving the joint surface. Patients were followed for local recurrence, metastasis, and secondary sarcoma. RESULTS: A total of 25 patients with a mean age of 33.8 years (18 to 67) with high-risk GCTB received median six cycles of Denosumab before surgery. Tumours occurred most commonly around the knee (17/25, 68%). The median follow-up was 57 months (interquartile range (IQR) 13 to 88). The joint was salvaged in 23 patients (92%). Two required knee arthroplasty due to intra-articular fracture and arthritis. Local recurrence developed in 11 patients (44%) at a mean of 32.5 months (3 to 75) following surgery, of whom four underwent repeat curettage and joint salvage. One patient developed secondary osteosarcoma and another benign GCT lung metastases. CONCLUSION: The use of Denosumab for joint salvage was associated with a higher than expected rate of local recurrence at 44%. Neoadjuvant Denosumab for joint-sparing procedures should be considered with caution in light of these results. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(1):184-191.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Perrin, DL; Visgauss, JD; Wilson, DA; Griffin, AM; Abdul Razak, AR; Ferguson, PC; Wunder, JS

Published Date

  • January 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 103-B / 1

Start / End Page

  • 184 - 191

PubMed ID

  • 33380180

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2049-4408

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1302/0301-620X.103B1.BJJ-2020-0274.R1

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England