Multiple facets of Arabidopsis seedling development require indole-3-butyric acid-derived auxin.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Levels of auxin, which regulates both cell division and cell elongation in plant development, are controlled by synthesis, inactivation, transport, and the use of storage forms. However, the specific contributions of various inputs to the active auxin pool are not well understood. One auxin precursor is indole-3-butyric acid (IBA), which undergoes peroxisomal β-oxidation to release free indole-3-acetic acid (IAA). We identified ENOYL-COA HYDRATASE2 (ECH2) as an enzyme required for IBA response. Combining the ech2 mutant with previously identified iba response mutants resulted in enhanced IBA resistance, diverse auxin-related developmental defects, decreased auxin-responsive reporter activity in both untreated and auxin-treated seedlings, and decreased free IAA levels. The decreased auxin levels and responsiveness, along with the associated developmental defects, uncover previously unappreciated roles for IBA-derived IAA during seedling development, establish IBA as an important auxin precursor, and suggest that IBA-to-IAA conversion contributes to the positive feedback that maintains root auxin levels.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Strader, LC; Wheeler, DL; Christensen, SE; Berens, JC; Cohen, JD; Rampey, RA; Bartel, B

Published Date

  • March 15, 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 23 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 984 - 999

PubMed ID

  • 21406624

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3082277

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1532-298X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1040-4651

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1105/tpc.111.083071

Language

  • eng