Transitions of care interventions to improve quality of life among patients hospitalized with acute conditions: a systematic literature review.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Systematic Review)

BACKGROUND: Although transitional care interventions can improve health among patients hospitalized with acute conditions, few interventions use patient quality of life (QOL) as the primary outcome. Existing interventions use a variety of intervention components, are not effective for patients of all races and ethnicities, do not address age-related patient needs, and do not incorporate the needs of families. The purpose of this study was to systematically review characteristics of transitional care intervention studies that aimed to improve QOL for younger adult patients of all race and ethnicities who were hospitalized with acute conditions. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted of empirical literature available in PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, and PsycINFO by November 19, 2019 to identify studies of hospital to home care transitions with QOL as the primary outcome. Data extraction on study design and intervention components was limited to studies of patients aged 18-64. RESULTS: Nineteen articles comprising 17 studies met inclusion criteria. There were a total of 3,122 patients across all studies (range: 28-536). Populations of focus included cardiovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, stroke, breast cancer, and kidney disease. Seven QOL instruments were identified. All interventions were multi-component with a total of 31 different strategies used. Most interventions were facilitated by a registered nurse. Seven studies discussed intervention facilitator training and eight discussed intervention materials utilized. No studies specified cultural tailoring of interventions or analyzed findings by racial/ethnic subgroup. CONCLUSIONS: Future research is needed to determine which intervention components, either in isolation or in combination, are effective in improving QOL. Future studies should also elaborate on the background and training of intervention facilitators and on materials utilized and may also consider incorporating differences in culture, race and ethnicity into all phases of the research process in an effort to address and reduce any health disparities.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Oyesanya, TO; Loflin, C; Byom, L; Harris, G; Daly, K; Rink, L; Bettger, JP

Published Date

  • January 29, 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 19 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 36 -

PubMed ID

  • 33514371

Pubmed Central ID

  • 33514371

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1477-7525

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1186/s12955-021-01672-5

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England