Low levels of BRCA1 protein expression predict a worse prognosis in stage I-II colon cancer.
BACKGROUND: BRCA1 and BRCA2 have been well studied for their roles in tumorigeneis, plus cancer diagnosis and treatment, but their prognostic value in colon cancer, especially for early-stage cancer, has not been fully illuminated. This study examined the expression levels of BRCA1 and BRCA2 proteins in sporadic colon cancer cases and investigated their value in prognosis. METHODS: The expression levels of BRCA1 and BRCA2 in 275 colon cancer patients who underwent radical surgeries were assayed by immunohistochemical staining in dissected tumor samples. Also, its correlation with clinicopathological characteristics, disease-free survival, and overall survival was investigated. RESULTS: Tumors with low expression levels of BRCA1, BRCA2, and both were 19.6%, 17.8%, and 6.5%, respectively. The levels of BRCA1/2 expression were not associated with clinicopathological parameters (gender, age, histological differentiation, and tumor node metastasis stage). Patients with low-levels of BRCA1 protein in their tumors demonstrated a lower chance of 5-year disease-free survival (55.6% vs. 69.7%, P=0.046), which was more obvious in the patients with stage I-II tumors without chemotherapy (52.6% vs. 82.6%, P=0.006). Neither BRCA1 nor BRCA2 affected overall survival in this cohort. Multivariate analysis revealed that pathologic stage and the level of BRCA1 protein were independent factors of long-term disease-free survival. CONCLUSION: This study highlights BRCA1 as an independent prognosticator of early-stage colon cancer.
Du, C; Peng, Y; He, Y; Chen, G; Chen, H
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