Abstract 14950: SLCO1B1 Genotype is Associated With Atorvastatin Discontinuation

Conference Paper

Introduction: Atorvastatin is commonly prescribed to prevent cardiovascular disease; however, long-term adherence can be eroded by statin associated musculoskeletal symptoms (SAMS). Genetic variants in SLCO1B1 are associated with SAMS in patients using simvastatin; the association of these variants with adherence or SAMS has been less well characterized for atorvastatin. Methods: We tested the association between a loss of function genetic variant in SLCO1B1 and atorvastatin discontinuation in a large multi-specialty group practice. Using the electronic medical record (EMR) at Sanford Health, we defined a retrospective cohort of 8453 patients who were tested for SLCO1B1*5 (rs4149056, Val174Ala) through routine clinical care. Patients were included if they had received an atorvastatin prescription prior to genetic testing and had valid SLCO1B1 results. Patients were classified as discontinued (or not) based on their active medication list at the time of genetic testing. Clinical characteristics including demographics, diagnosis codes, smoking status, concomitant medications, and laboratory values for renal function and all creatine kinase (CK) values prior to testing, were extracted from the EMR. A Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare longitudinal CK values vs. discontinuation. Logistic regression was used to test the relationship between SLCO1B1*5 and atorvastatin discontinuation for any reason. Results: There were 1752 patients available for analysis (mean age 64 years, 44% female, 2% non-Caucasian, 89% primary prevention indication). 1025 (58%) discontinued atorvastatin prior to SLCO1B1 testing. The number of SLCO1B1*5 alleles was associated with atorvastatin discontinuation (odds ratio per allele = 1.22, 95% confidence interval = 1.004 - 1.47, p = 0.04). Among the 495 patients with available CK levels, atorvastatin discontinuation was associated with higher mean CK levels than those who continued (Kruskal-Wallis test, p = 0.02). Conclusions: Atorvastatin discontinuation is common in real world patients at risk for cardiovascular disease. Carriers of SLCO1B1*5 are at increased risk for premature atorvastatin discontinuation - an effect which may reflect an excess risk of statin myopathy.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Voora, D; Baye, J; Mcdermaid, AD; Gowda, SN; Eric, LA; Russell, WA

Published Date

  • November 17, 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 142 / Suppl_3

Published By

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1524-4539

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0009-7322

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1161/circ.142.suppl_3.14950