Abstract 6630: Synergistic immuno photothermal nanotherapy (SYMPHONY) for combination cancer therapy
Checkpoint inhibitor immunotherapy has been a revolutionary milestone in cancer treatment because it can counter the tumor immunosuppressive environment to improve patients' overall survival and even result in a durable complete response. However, only a fraction of patients benefit from checkpoint inhibitor immunotherapy. Improving the response rate and maximizing efficacy for immunotherapy are still unmet needs of great clinical significance. We have developed a novel combination cancer therapy referred to as Synergistic Immuno Photothermal Nanotherapy (SYMPHONY) by integrating plasmonic gold nanostars (GNS)-mediated photothermal therapy with anti-PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitor immunotherapy to improve the therapeutic efficacy of cancer treatment. GNS nanoparticles are superior photon-to-heat conversion transducers for photothermal therapy because they have tip-enhanced plasmonics from multiple sharp spikes and tunable plasmonic absorption in the near-infrared tissue optical window. Our in vivo experimental results with bladder cancer and brain cancer murine animal models have demonstrated that photothermal therapy with GNS in combination with anti-PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitor immunotherapy not only effectively ablates primary tumor with laser irradiation but also stimulates the immune response to treat distant tumors without laser irradiation. Furthermore, a rechallenge study performed three months later using cancer cells injected into long-term survivors demonstrates that SYMPHONY therapy can generate a long-term memorized immune response and prevent cancer recurrences in cured mice. The SYMPHONY combination therapy results in synergistic treatment surpassing what either single treatment can achieve, and shows the great promise for future translational medicine studies to treat aggressive metastatic cancer diseases.
Citation Format: Yang Liu, Paolo Maccarini, Gregory M. Palmer, Brant A. Inman, Peter E. Fecci, Tuan Vo-Dinh. Synergistic immuno photothermal nanotherapy (SYMPHONY) for combination cancer therapy [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research 2020; 2020 Apr 27-28 and Jun 22-24. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2020;80(16 Suppl):Abstract nr 6630.
Liu, Y; Maccarini, P; Palmer, GM; Inman, BA; Fecci, PE; Vo-Dinh, T
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