Psychometric properties of the Persian version of preschool age psychiatric assessment (PAPA) for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Based on DSM-5.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Childhood and adolescence psychiatric disorders affect subsequent stages; early diagnosis of these disorders, such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), is necessary. There is no reliable and valid diagnostic interview for ADHD in Asian Persian or Farsi speaking countries. The DSM 5-based version of the interview was sent to the 14 child and adolescent and general psychiatrists to ensure the validity of the ADHD section of the PAPA interview through an online website. Out of 59 health centers, 15 centers were selected via systematic random sampling. Three hundred children participated in the study. ADHD questions of the PAPA had the power to differentiate, with a sensitivity of 0.92, a specificity of 0.01. It had positive diagnostic value = 95.83 %, negative diagnostic value = 98.91 %, negative correlation ratio = 0.12, overall diagnostic accuracy = 98.67 % and diagnostic chance ratio = 2085.35. ADHD questions of the PAPA diagnostic interview can diagnose ADHD in preschool as a reliable tool based on DSM-5.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hassanzadeh, M; Malek, A; Norouzi, S; Amiri, S; Sadeghi-Bazargani, H; Shahriari, F; Egger, HL; Small, B

Published Date

  • April 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 58 /

Start / End Page

  • 102618 -

PubMed ID

  • 33652288

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1876-2026

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.ajp.2021.102618


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands