Deep brain stimulation and electromagnetic interference.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has evolved into an approved and efficacious treatment for movement, obsessive-compulsive, and epilepsy disorders that are refractory to medical therapy, with current investigation into other disease conditions. However, there are unintentional and intentional sources of external electromagnetic interference (EMI) that can lead to either malfunctioning or damaged DBS devices, as well as injury to human tissue. Comprehensive studies and guidelines on such topics in the medical literature are scarce. Herein, we review the principles behind EMI, as well as the various potential sources of interference, both unintentional (e.g. stray EMI fields) and intentional (e.g. MRI scans, "brainjacking"). Additionally, we employ the Manufacturer and User Device Facility Experience (MAUDE) database to assess real-world instances of EMI (e.g., airport body scanners, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and electrosurgery) affecting DBS devices commonly implanted in the United States (US).

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rahimpour, S; Kiyani, M; Hodges, SE; Turner, DA

Published Date

  • April 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 203 /

Start / End Page

  • 106577 -

PubMed ID

  • 33662743

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8081063

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1872-6968

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.clineuro.2021.106577


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands