Development of quality indicators for the diagnosis and management of achalasia.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: The management of achalasia has improved due to diagnostic and therapeutic innovations. However, variability in care delivery remains and no established measures defining quality of care for this population exist. We aimed to use formal methodology to establish quality indicators for achalasia patients. METHODS: Quality indicator concepts were identified from the literature, consensus guidelines and clinical experts. Using RAND/University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Appropriateness Method, experts in achalasia independently ranked proposed concepts in a two-round modified Delphi process based on 1) importance, 2) scientific acceptability, 3) usability, and 4) feasibility. Highly valid measures required strict agreement (≧ 80% of panelists) in the range of 7-9 for across all four categories. KEY RESULTS: There were 17 experts who rated 26 proposed quality indicator topics. In round one, 2 (8%) quality measures were rated valid. In round two, 19 measures were modified based on panel suggestions, and experts rated 10 (53%) of these measures as valid, resulting in a total of 12 quality indicators. Two measures pertained to patient education and five to diagnosis, including discussing treatment options with risk and benefits and using the most recent version of the Chicago Classification to define achalasia phenotypes, respectively. Other indicators pertained to treatment options, such as the use of botulinum toxin for those not considered surgical candidates and management of reflux following achalasia treatment. CONCLUSIONS & INFERENCES: Using a robust methodology, achalasia quality indicators were identified, which can form the basis for establishing quality gaps and generating fully specified quality measures.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kamal, AN; Kathpalia, P; Otaki, F; Bredenoord, AJ; Castell, DO; Clarke, JO; Falk, GW; Fass, R; Prakash Gyawali, C; Kahrilas, PJ; Katz, PO; Katzka, DA; Pandolfino, JE; Penagini, R; Richter, JE; Roman, S; Savarino, E; Triadafilopoulos, G; Vaezi, MF; Vela, MF; Leiman, DA

Published Date

  • October 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 33 / 10

Start / End Page

  • e14118 -

PubMed ID

  • 33720448

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9380030

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1365-2982

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/nmo.14118


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England