Sustained results of robotic mitral repair in a lower volume center with extensive minimally invasive mitral repair experience.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The literature for robotic mitral repair is dominated by a small number of large volume institutions, and intermediate-term outcomes out to 5 years are rare. Whether and under what circumstances a lower volume institution could obtain durable outcomes is not known. A retrospective review was performed on all 133 patients undergoing robotically assisted mitral repair from 2011 to 2019 at a single institution. Mean volume of robotic mitral repair was 16 ± 7 cases per year, while mean institutional total volume of mitral repair was 116 ± 16 cases per year. Mean age was 58 ± 12 years, 77% were men, and mitral etiology was prolapse in 90%. Comorbidity was infrequent with atrial fibrillation in 20% and moderate tricuspid regurgitation in 14%. Central aortic cannulation was used in 97% with concurrent tricuspid operation in 5% and concurrent maze in 14%. Median clamp time, pump time, and length of stay were 146 min, 265 min, and 5 days, respectively, but none improved with experience. There were no deaths or stroke. At 5 years, the cumulative incidence of moderate mitral regurgitation was 18 ± 6% (prolapse patients 11 ± 5%), severe regurgitation 4 ± 3%, and mitral replacement 9 ± 5% (prolapse patients 5 ± 3%). 5-year survival was 96 ± 3%. At centers with significant mitral repair volume, a volume of 16 robotic mitral cases/year can yield good clinical outcomes durable out to 5 years. A case volume of 16 cases per year was not sufficient to improve pump time or length of stay over time.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Barac, YD; Loungani, RS; Sabulsky, R; Carr, K; Zwischenberger, B; Glower, DD

Published Date

  • February 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 16 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 199 - 206

PubMed ID

  • 33761097

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1863-2491

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s11701-021-01214-7


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England