Inpatient rehabilitation facility discharge destination among younger adults with traumatic brain injury: differences by race and ethnicity.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVE: : To determine the association of race and ethnicity with discharge destination among patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) receiving inpatient rehabilitation facility (IRF) care. DESIGN: Secondary analysis using Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation data. METHODS: : Patients (N = 99,614) diagnosed with TBI, age 18-64, admitted for IRF care between 2002 and 2018. Logistic regression was used to analyze data. OUTCOME: : Discharge destination (home/community vs. subacute settings). RESULTS: : Most younger adults (age 18-64) with TBI were discharged home (89.24%) after IRF care vs. subacute (10.76%). Of those discharged home, 63.16% were white, 10.42% Black, 8.94% Hispanic/Latino, and 6.72% other races/ethnicities. After adjusting for covariates, patients who were Hispanic/Latino [OR = 1.26; 95% CI: 1.15, 1.37] and other race/ethnicities [OR = 1.10; 95% CI: 1.00, 1.21] (vs. White) had higher odds of discharge home vs. subacute. There was no difference in discharge destination for Black patients (vs. white). Predictors of discharge destination for groups stratified by race/ethnicity varied. CONCLUSIONS: : Younger patients with TBI who were Hispanic/Latino or other races/ethnicities (vs. white) were more likely to go home vs. subacute. Findings can be used to inform IRF planning, resource allocation, and transitional care planning.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Oyesanya, TO; Harris, G; Yang, Q; Byom, L; Cary, MP; Zhao, AT; Bettger, JP

Published Date

  • May 12, 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 35 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 661 - 674

PubMed ID

  • 33779428

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8122065

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1362-301X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/02699052.2021.1895317


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England