Postoperative Surveillance in Older Adults With T1N0M0 Low-risk Papillary Thyroid Cancer.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: The frequency and cost of postoperative surveillance for older adults (>65 y) with T1N0M0 low-risk papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) have not been well studied. METHODS: Using the SEER-Medicare (2006-2013) database, frequency and cost of surveillance concordant with American Thyroid Association (ATA) guidelines (defined as an office visit, ≥1 thyroglobulin measurement, and ultrasound 6- to 24-month postoperatively) were analyzed for the overall cohort of single-surgery T1N0M0 low-risk PTC, stratified by lobectomy versus total thyroidectomy. RESULTS: Majority of 2097 patients in the study were white (86.7%) and female (77.5%). Median age and tumor size were 72 y (interquartile range 68-76) and 0.6 cm (interquartile range 0.3-1.1 cm), respectively; 72.9% of patients underwent total thyroidectomy. Approximately 77.5% of patients had a postoperative surveillance visit; however, only 15.9% of patients received ATA-concordant surveillance. Patients who underwent total thyroidectomy as compared with lobectomy were more likely to undergo surveillance testing, thyroglobulin (61.7% versus 24.8%) and ultrasound (37.5% versus 29.2%) (all P < 0.01), and receive ATA-concordant surveillance (18.5% versus 9.0%, P < 0.001). Total surveillance cost during the study period was $621,099. Diagnostic radioactive iodine, ablation, and advanced imaging (such as positron emission tomography scans) accounted for 55.5% of costs ($344,692), whereas ATA-concordant care accounted for 44.5% of costs. After multivariate adjustment, patients who underwent total thyroidectomy as compared with lobectomy were twice as likely to receive ATA-concordant surveillance (adjusted odds ratio 2.0, 95% confidence interval: 1.5-2.8, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Majority of older adults with T1N0M0 low-risk PTC do not receive ATA-concordant surveillance; discordant care was costly. Total thyroidectomy was the strongest predictor of receiving ATA-concordant care.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Pradhan, MC; Kazaure, HS; Wang, F; Zambeli-Ljepovic, A; Perkins, JM; Stang, MT; Scheri, RP

Published Date

  • August 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 264 /

Start / End Page

  • 37 - 44

PubMed ID

  • 33765509

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1095-8673

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jss.2021.01.049


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States