Noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features and the risk of malignancy in The Bethesda System for the Reporting of Thyroid Cytopathology.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

INTRODUCTION: The Bethesda System for the Reporting of Thyroid Cytopathology (TBSRTC) is used to categorize and diagnose thyroid nodules by fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB). Each category in TBSRTC is associated with an estimated risk of malignancy (ROM). A subset of noninvasive encapsulated follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (niEFVPTC) was reclassified as a nonmalignant tumor: noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP). We studied the impact of this reclassification on the reported ROM in TBSRTC. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We searched our institutional files for thyroid FNAB with surgical follow-up. ROM for each TBSRTC category was calculated. Subsequently, cases of niEFVPTC were reviewed and reclassified as NIFTP, if appropriate. ROM for each category was then recalculated after the reclassification. RESULTS: Twenty-six NIFTP were identified; the corresponding FNABs were distributed among all six TBSRTC categories. The majority of NIFTP FNAB were in the AUS/FLUS and suspicious for malignancy (SUSP) categories, 12 (46.2%) and 8 (30.8%), respectively. While the ROM changed for all diagnostic categories, the greatest change in ROM after reclassification was seen in these two categories. Absolute ROM for AUS/FLUS decreased from 25.0% to 21.0% and SUSP, from 71.7% to 58.3%, changes that were statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: The reclassification of niEFVPTC to NIFTP has significantly impacted the ROM in the TBSRTC at our institution. While there was a decrease in ROM for all categories, the greatest reduction to ROM was in the categories of AUS/FLUS and FN. These changes to the ROM should help guide surgical approach moving forward.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Elliott Range, D; Jiang, XS

Published Date

  • June 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 48 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 531 - 537

PubMed ID

  • 32167682

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1097-0339

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/dc.24405


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States