Comparison of the Oxygenation Factor and the Oxygenation Ratio in Subjects With ARDS.
BACKGROUND: The oxygenation ratio (ie, [Formula: see text]/[Formula: see text]) remains the most commonly used index for assessing oxygenation and disease severity in patients with acute ARDS. However, the oxygenation ratio does not account for mechanical ventilation settings. We hypothesized that the oxygenation factor (ie, oxygenation ratio/mean airway pressure) is superior to the oxygenation ratio in reflecting oxygenation in patients with ARDS and results in a different classification of ARDS severity. METHODS: In 150 subjects with ARDS (50 severe, 50 moderate, and 50 mild), arterial blood gas, mean airway pressure, static lung compliance, driving pressure, and mechanical power were obtained. The oxygenation ratio and the oxygenation factor were then calculated. Receiver operating characteristic curves were constructed for oxygenation ratio and oxygenation factor at lung compliance > 40 mL/cm H2O, driving pressure < 15 cm H2O, and mechanical power < 17 J/min, thresholds that are known to predict survival in patients with ARDS. Subjects were reclassified for ARDS severity on the basis of the oxygenation factor and compared to classification on the basis of the oxygenation ratio. RESULTS: Areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves for the oxygenation factor were significantly higher than for the oxygenation ratio. Reclassification of ARDS severity using the oxygenation factor did not affect subjects classified as having severe ARDS per the oxygenation ratio. However, 52% of subjects with moderate ARDS per the oxygenation ratio criteria were reclassified as either severe (25 subjects) or mild ARDS (1 subject) on the basis of oxygenation factor criteria. Also, 54% of subjects with mild ARDS per the oxygenation ratio criteria were reclassified as severe (4 subjects), moderate (21 subjects), or non-ARDS (2 subjects) on the basis of oxygenation factor criteria. CONCLUSIONS: The oxygenation factor was a superior ARDS oxygenation index compared to the oxygenation ratio and should be considered as a substitute criteria for classification of the severity of ARDS. (ClinicalTrials.gov registration NCT03946189.).
El-Khatib, MF; Bouakl, IJ; Ayoub, CM; Chatburn, RL; Farhat, H; Msheik, M; Fakih, MH; Hallal, AH
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