Donor-Derived Neuroendocrine Carcinoma Transmission to Two Kidney Transplant Recipients Demonstrated by Short Tandem Repeat Analysis: A Case Report.
Cancer transmission from a donor organ to a transplant recipient is a rare but not infrequently fatal event. We report a case of lung cancer transmission from a deceased donor to 2 kidney recipients. Approximately 1 year after uneventful kidney transplantation, both recipients developed acute kidney failure. Computed tomography imaging of abdomen and pelvis for both recipients showed masses in the transplanted kidneys along with innumerable masses in the livers. Pathologic examinations for both cases demonstrated high-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma with "mirror image" histologic findings in the transplant kidneys with liver metastases. Short tandem repeat (STR) analyses were performed to determine the origin of the tumors. STRs of both tumors were nearly identical to that of the donor, proving that both tumors were from the same donor. Immunohistochemical analyses showed that both tumors were positive for thyroid transcription factor 1, supporting a lung primary. One recipient died as a direct sequela to metastatic tumor, and the other required transplant nephrectomy and chemotherapy. Awareness of this largely nonpreventable complication and prompt molecular testing if cancer transmission is suspected are important.
Takeda, K; Mittenzwei, R; Geisinger, KR; Datto, MB; Rebellato, LM
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